Heart pounding symptoms of heart disease?

Heart

Without feeling, your heart beats every time. But sometimes you feel your heart pounding. Be careful, sasiasi which is generally classified as normal can sometimes also be a symptom of serious illness.

Heart palpitations or palpitations are sensations when your heart feels beating fast. Indeed in certain conditions, palpitations can be a sign of heart disease. But generally palpitations are not dangerous and only occur occasionally for a reason.

Pounding heart trigger

Heart palpitations can be caused by many things, ranging from simple and often unconscious causes to dangerous causes. The following are things that can cause heart palpitations.

Lifestyle

When you are feeling anxious , very excited, exercising intensively, or in a hurry situation, the adrenaline hormone will be released from the body and make the heart beat. Passions consume spicy and spicy foods, smoking, consuming alcoholic beverages or caffeinated drinks can also cause heart palpitations.

Health condition

The following body conditions can trigger heart palpitations:

  • Anemia
  • Overactive thyroid gland ( hyperthyroidism )
  • Dehydration
  • Low blood sugar levels
  • Low blood pressure ( orthostatic hypotension )
  • Fever
  • Disorders of the heart, such as heart rhythm disturbances or arrhythmias, and heart valve abnormalities
  • Electrolyte disturbances

Panic attack

Panic attacks make you feel a heart pounding accompanied by an extraordinary feeling of anxiety, stress, fear, nausea , and trembling. Sometimes it is also accompanied by cold sweat .

Hormonal changes in women

Changes in hormone levels during pregnancy, menstruation, and menopause can also cause heart palpitations. This condition is generally not dangerous and only temporary.

Consumption of drugs

Sometimes taking certain medications, such as high blood pressure medications and certain types of antibiotics, can cause heart palpitations. Medications that can cause heart palpitations include bronchodilator drugs for asthma , antihistamines, drugs to treat thyroid disorders, and cough medicines that contain pseudoephedrine stimulants.

Heart palpitations that are not caused by heart disease have a small risk of causing complications. But if this condition is caused by a disturbance in the heart’s organs, then palpitations can cause complications such as sudden fainting, stroke , heart failure , even cardiac arrest .

Relieve palpitations

In general, palpitations do not require special treatment if they only occur occasionally and are temporary without other complaints. But you need to be careful if this condition often occurs without a clear trigger or if you have a history of heart disease. Immediately consult a doctor if the heart is beating accompanied by dizziness, chest pain , severe shortness of breath, or fainting.

If the heart is beating due to a particular disease, the doctor will give medicines to treat the cause of the disease. However, there are no special medicines to deal with palpitations that are not caused by disease. All you can do is avoid things that trigger the condition.

Here are some simple ways you can do to reduce palpitations:

Avoid trigger factors, such as nicotine in cigarettes, caffeinated drinks , energy drinks , or drugs that can trigger symptoms. Discuss with your doctor if the medication you are taking causes complaints of palpitations.

Relieves anxiety and stress with relaxation methods such as yoga , meditation, breathing, or aromatherapy.

Avoid consuming drugs, such as cocaine, which is at risk of triggering heart palpitations.

The long-term way to avoid palpitations is to adopt a healthy lifestyle and avoid excessive stress as much as possible.

Check with a doctor if the frequency of palpitations is beyond normal limits, there is no obvious cause, or if you have risk factors for heart disease, such as obesity or smoking.

Congestive Heart Failure: Killer Secretly

Heart

Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a heart failure in pumping the blood supply needed by the body. This is because abnormalities occur in the heart muscles so the heart cannot work normally.

During this time, heart failure is described as the condition of a person’s heart that stops working, in this case it is stopped beating. In fact, heart failure means the inability of the heart to pump blood or the inability of the heart to meet the normal blood quota needed by the body.

The Process of Congestive Heart Failure

The heart has four spaces that have their respective tasks, namely the right and left porch at the top, and the right and left chambers at the bottom. Based on the location of the heart room, congestive heart failure can be divided into three types, namely left, right, and mixed.

Left congestive heart failure

In patients with congestive heart failure left, ventricular space or left ventricle of the heart does not function properly. This part should drain blood throughout the body through the aorta, then pass it to the arteries.

Because the function of the left ventricle does not run optimally, there is an increase in pressure on the left foyer and surrounding blood vessels. This condition creates a buildup of fluid in the lungs ( pulmonary edema ). Furthermore, fluid buildup can also form in the abdominal and leg cavities. This lack of blood flow then interferes with kidney function , so that the body piles up more water and salt than needed.

In some cases, this disease can also not be due to the failure of the left ventricle in pumping blood. The inability of the left ventricle in relaxation also sometimes causes it. Because it is unable to relax, there is a buildup of blood when the heart exerts back pressure to fill the heart space.

Congestive heart failure right

Occurs when the right ventricle of the heart has difficulty pumping blood to the lungs. As a result, blood returns to the veins (veins), causing a buildup of fluid in the stomach and other body parts, such as the legs.

Right congestive heart failure often begins with left congestive heart failure, where there is excessive pressure on the lungs, so the ability of the right side of the heart to pump blood to the lungs is also affected.

Mixed congestive heart failure

Left and right congestive heart failure occurs simultaneously.

What kind of symptoms appear?

There are several symptoms that indicate that a person has congestive heart failure. Although at an early stage, the symptoms may not have an impact on general health conditions, but as the condition worsens, the symptoms will become more apparent.

There are at least three stages of symptoms that can be seen in a person with congestive heart failure. The first is the initial symptoms. At this stage, the patient experiences:

  • Swelling of the legs and ankles.
  • Tired easily, especially after doing physical activity.
  • Significant weight gain.
  • The more you want to urinate, especially at night.

If the patient’s condition continues to worsen, the following symptoms will appear:

  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • Coughing due to pulmonary swelling.
  • Breath sounds wheezing .
  • Shortness of breath because the lungs are filled with fluid. Shortness will also appear when doing mild physical activity or while lying down.
  • It’s hard to move because every time you do light physical activity, your body will feel tired.

Furthermore, congestive heart failure can be said to be severe, if the patient has experienced symptoms such as:

  • Running pain in the chest through the upper body, this condition can also indicate a heart attack.
  • The skin becomes bluish, because the lungs are deprived of oxygen.
  • Short and fast breathing.
  • Fainted .

In conditions of severe congestive heart failure, symptoms will be felt even when the body is resting. At this stage, patients with congestive heart failure will experience difficulties in carrying out daily activities.

What are the Dangers of Congestive Heart Failure Patients?

Someone who has congestive heart failure needs to be aware of the safety of his life. Patients must immediately undergo treatment or will be faced with several risks of complications, including:

Other organ failure

One of the organs that can experience malfunction is the kidneys. This happens because in patients with congestive heart failure, blood flow to the kidneys will decrease. If not given treatment, it can lead to kidney damage or kidney failure. Fluid buildup can also occur in the liver. When this condition is not treated, liver function can occur.

Heart valve disorders

Congestive heart failure can cause an increase in heart blood pressure. This condition can eventually cause heart valve disorders . Advanced stage congestive heart failure can also cause swelling of the heart or enlarged heart, so the function of the heart valve cannot run normally.

Arrhythmia

Arrhythmia or heart rhythm disorders can be suffered by patients with congestive heart failure. This arrhythmia can occur due to a disturbance in the electrical flow of the heart which functions to regulate rhythm and heart rate. If sufferers of congestive heart failure then suffer from arrhythmia, then they will be at high risk of stroke . Patients are also susceptible to thromboembolism, which is a blockage in the blood vessels due to a loose blood clot.

Sudden cardiac arrest

One of the dangerous complications that need to be watched out for congestive heart failure is sudden cardiac arrest . When heart function is disrupted and not treated, over time the heart’s performance will experience a drastic decrease and the risk of experiencing sudden cardiac arrest. There are several things that cause this condition to occur in congestive heart failure. Among other things because the heart does not get enough oxygen, there is a nervous disorder that regulates the function of the heart, or due to changes in the shape of the heart.

Overall, chronic heart failure, including congestive heart failure, is a significant contributor to mortality. About 2-3 out of 10 people who suffer from heart failure from the beginning to the middle, die each year. While heart failure is already severe, up to half the number of patients cannot be saved.

If you feel the symptoms of heart problems, especially those that lead to congestive heart failure, you need to see a doctor immediately to prevent further complications.